BLACK WIDOW SPIDER
These spiders get their common name from the popular belief that the females eat the male after mating: a phenomenon which rarely happens in nature. The female is glossy black, with a red hourglass on the underside. Males are much smaller and are grey in color with stripes or spots. They are found in rock crevices, wood piles, overhangs, dark garages, basements, stables, and many other areas. It spins an irregular web of silk strands which are heavy and strong.
This spider is not an insect, but a predator arachnid that feeds on insects. They are highly venomous. A bite can be, but rarely is, fatal. The black widow neurotoxin venom affects the nervous system. In humans, a bite, can cause systematic pain, nausea, muscle spasm, and respiratory paralysis. There is no first-aid produced for bites. You must consult a physician immediately.
BROWN RECLUSE SPIDER
Brown Recluse Spiders are shy and rarely bite unless provoked. They are incapable of biting through clothing. Bites sometimes go unnoticed until effects become obvious a few hours later. Although all spiders are capable of biting, most spiders’ bites cause little harm to humans. However, bites from spiders such as the Brown Recluse can result in necrosis and severe illness.
The Brown Recluse spider prefers isolated corners and sheltered areas with low moisture levels. The spiders are called recluse for a reason. They prefer areas unoccupied and not disturbed by humans. A few areas that Brown Recluse spiders are found in homes include: window sills, behind entertainment centers, dark closets, shoes, cluttered basements or attics, In firewood piles, In and under leaves, under rocks, under stairs. These are just a few areas where the Brown Recluse spider will dwell. Should you be bitten by a Brown Recluse, remain calm and immediately seek medical attention by contacting your physician, a hospital, or poison control. The poison control help line phone number is 1-800-222-1222.