A house mouse is the number one rodent pest in most parts of the world. It has smooth fur, pointed nose, small eyes, large ears with some hair,
short and broad feet, dark hairless and scaly tail. Can see clearly only 6 inches ahead and are color blind. They can climb, run up rough walls and along pipes, ropes and wires, jump 12 inches high and down from 8 feet. Sometimes they can swim. They like dark secluded places with little disturbances and plenty of nesting material, such as paper, fabric, insulation, packing materials, and cotton.
They like to eat fruits, seeds, and grains. They are omnivorous which means they eat both plants and meat. They will eat just about anything. Mice are nocturnal, which means they prefer to search for food at night. They derive moisture from food but will take water also especially when eating more protein foods. They prefer sweet liquids. They can mature in 35 days. Their life span depends on many factors. Indoor with plenty of food, they might live to 2 years or longer. Pregnancy takes 18-21 days with 5-8 per litter, 8 litters per year with 30-35 weaned per year. A female can have a litter every 40-50 days, so more than one litter may be in the nest at one time. The common house mice gnaws on objects and eats and contaminates stored food, transmits diseases from droppings, urine, bites and direct contact with cats, fleas, and mites.
Overall key to rodent control involves sanitation, harborage elimination, and rodent proofing a structure. Most of the rodent problems are due to indigenous species finding their way into our homes or businesses for food and shelter. Rodents can fit through small opening due to their ability to flatten their bodies. 1/4 inch can allow entry for mice. The first step to controlling rodents is to have an inspection by a licensed professional to determine necessary avenues.
Pack Rats live in nests built of plant materials such as branches, twigs, sticks, cactus, and other debris. The huge beaver dam shaped structures may be up to 4 feet across. They are usually constructed in trees or on the ground at the base of trees or a rocky ledge. Pack rats can become quite a nuisance, getting into everything including attics, walls, and AC units. They can cause severe damage to electrical wiring and wreak havoc on AC units. For more information on treatment and removal, please contact our office at 602-569-3111.